Tips

CARPET CARE TIPS

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SPOT REMOVAL GUIDE

  • Beer
    • Stain: Colorless to light yellow, slightly stiff. Contains: Hops, malts, alcohol, albumins, tannin.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution and blot.
      • 2. Apply vinegar solution, blot frequently.
      • 3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Blood
    • Stain: Reddish when fresh, dries to dark brown with irregular edge. Contains: Albumin, fat, fibrin, iron.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply cool ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
      • 5. If stain remains, apply rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
      • 6. Bleaching with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide may be necessary.
  • Butter and Margarine
    • Stain: Greasy, yellowish-red, sometimes built-up. Contains: Vegetable dye, corn oil, milk, salt, preservatives, vegetable fats.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 2. Apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
      • 3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Candle Wax
    • Stain: Stiff and built-up. Contains: Petroleum, animal fats and oils, vegetable fats and oils, basic dyes.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
      • 2. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 3. Apply POG, blot.
      • 4. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 5. Alternate: Use a brown paper grocery bag and iron. Place bag over wax and iron on bag, shifting until removed.
  • Catsup/Tomato Sauce
    • Stain: Reddish-brown, absorbed and built-up. Contains: Tomatoes, salt, sugar, spices, tannin, vinegar, onions.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 4. If stain remains, bleach with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate.
      • 5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Chewing Gum
    • Stain: Grayish or pink, rubbery, sticky, built-up. Contains: Chicle flavoring, sugar.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Harden gum with an ice cube until it is brittle enough to scrape off with a dull knife or spatula.
      • 2. Apply dry cleaning solvent to remove remaining traces or use a commercial chewing gum remover.
  • Chocolate
    • Stain: Brown with irregular edge, absorbed or built-up. Contains: Oil, grease, cocoa, butter, coloring, sugar, milk.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
      • 2. Apply cool detergent, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 6. Rinse thoroughly with water and blot until dry.
  • Cocktails
    • Stain: Colorless or light brown, absorbed. Contains: Alcohol, tannin, sugar.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Lipstick
    • Stain: Red, pink, orange, soft and greasy. Contains: Pigment or dye in fat, waxes and oils.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Scrape off excess with spatula or dull knife.
      • 2. Apply POG, blot, making sure not to reapply stain onto fabric.
      • 3. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 4. Apply detergent, blot.
      • 5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 7. Rinse with water, blot until dry. *Try to avoid wet cleaning on wool. Use POG and dry cleaning solvents as long as possible.
  • Merthiolate and Mercurochrome
    • Stain: Orange-red, absorbed. Contains: Eosin dye in alcohol solution.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Mildew
    • Stain: Grayish or brownish fungus with black spots. *May permanently damage fibers.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot.
      • 4. Apply solution of oxidizing bleach (chlorine or perborate) *Do not use chlorine bleach on wool or silk.
      • 5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Milk
    • Stain: Usually white, sometimes lighter in the center with heavier buildup around the edges. Contains: Fats, albumins, water.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
      • 5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
      • 7. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
  • Mucilage
    • Stain: Either built-up or slightly absorbed, stiff with an irregular edge when dry. Contains: Albumins, animal proteins and gums.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply hot enzyme detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Mud
    • Stain: Graying, brownish, reddish or yellowish, absorbed and built-up. Contains: Soil with greases and oils, clay and iron.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Brush or scrape off as much as possible.
      • 2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
      • 5. If stain remains, apply POG and dry cleaning solvent alternately, blot until dry.
  • Mustard
    • Stain: Yellowish, absorbed or built-up. Contains: Mustard seed, vinegar, salt tumeric, oils, spices, flavorings.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent, solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply enzyme solution, blot.
      • 4. If stain remains, rust remover (oxalic acid solution) or bleaching may be necessary. *Do not use ammonia or alkalies.
  • Nail Polish
    • Stain: Usually pink or red, stiff, shiny and built-up. Contains: Red dye or pigment in a liquid cellulose acetate base, solvent, plasticizer.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 2. Apply POG, blot.
      • 3. Apply amyl acetate if available, or nail polish remover – PRETEST FIRST.
      • 4. If stain remains, apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
      • 5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Oils
    • Stain: Circular, elongated or cross-shaped, darkening with age. Contains: Petroleum distillate or vegetable oil, polyglycerides, methylsilicate, preservatives.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 2. Apply POG, blot.
      • 3. Alternate dry cleaning solvent and POG, blotting frequently.
      • 4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Paint (Oil)
    • Stain: Usually built-up and stiff. Contains: Pigments, drying oils, resins, gums, volatile solvents. *Check label on paint for specific thinner or solvent.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
      • 4. Apply POG, blot.
      • 5. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
  • Rubber Cement
    • Stain: White or clear, built-up, possibly sticky or shiny. Contains: Rubber (synthetic or natural), resin, solvent.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Roll the glue off if it has hardened sufficiently.
      • 2. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 3. Apply POG, blot.
      • 4. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 5. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Rust
    • Stain: Reddish-brown, absorbed or built-up. Contains: Oxides of iron.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply rust remover or warm oxalic acid solution.
      • 2. Allow to stand for 10-15 minutes.
      • 3. Repeat with hot solution. Rinse with ammonia.
      • 4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Shoe Polish
    • Stain: Usually black or brown, absorbed or built-up. Contains: Waxes, resins, solvents, dyes, shellac, alcohol, tannin.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 2. Apply POG, blot.
      • 3. Apply dry cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 6. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
      • 7. If stain persists, bleaching (or professional stripping) may be necessary.
  • Soft Drinks
    • Stain: Colorless, yellowish, reddish or brownish, darkening with age. Contains: Tannin, sugar, vegetable coloring, flavoring, fruit extracts.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply cold detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Soot
    • Stain: Black spots or smudges. Contains: Carbon, sulphur compounds, sometimes grease.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
      • 2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Tar and Asphalt
    • Stain: Black, shiny, built-up or absorbed, distinctive odor. Contains: Coal tar or petroleum, sulphur compounds.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
      • 2. Apply dry cleaning solvent.
      • 3. Apply POG, blot.
      • 4. Rinse with VDS.
      • 5. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
  • Toothpaste
    • Stain: Whitish or greenish, absorbed and built-up. Contains: Soap, bleaching compound, flavoring, fluoride compound.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Urine
    • Stain: Yellowish or brown, darkening with age, absorbed. Contains: Urea, uric acid, ammonia, organic acids, pigments, cholesterol, albumins, proteoses.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Blot up as much as possible if still wet.
      • 2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
      • 6. If stain remains, aplpy rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
      • 7. Bleaching with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate might be necessary. *Urine stains may cause permanent dye removal from fibers.
  • Vomit
    • Stain: Various colors, absorbed and built-up. Contains: Food mucus, albumins, acids.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Blot up as much as possible.
      • 2. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solutionn, blot.
      • 4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
  • Wine
    • Stain: Reddish or purple, absorbed. Contains: Alcohol, sugar, tannin, coloring matter.
      • Spot Treatment:
      • 1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
      • 2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
      • 3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
      • 4. If necessary, bleach with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate.
      • 5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.